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黄河漂流学校,专注于为青少年提供河流探索体验

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

皮划艇,从北美洲爱斯基摩人的独木舟发展而来,它是青少年探索自然很棒的方式。近年在国内发展迅速,目前以一日活动偏多,也有部分对于青少年的技能认证培训,还有多日挑战类型,如山河勇士中的120km黄河漂流。
黄河漂流学校将对皮划艇基础技能学习进行较为系统的刊载,内容涵盖:基本动作配合和复位自救技术。非常感谢“澎逸皮划艇”提供教程内容。

足挂式救援 Heel hook rescue
让不小心覆艇的划艇者重新坐回艇舱有很多种方法。哪一种方法最好?要视具体情况而定。这里,我们来介绍一种足挂式救援方法。这与有名的“X”式救援相比,本方法更灵活,对划艇者的上身力量和身体灵活性要求也相对更低。

让划艇者重新坐回舱内前清空覆艇中的水是个好主意。清水的方法在教程“辅助清空皮艇”中有详细的步骤说明。接下来,我们逐步展示足挂式救援的方法。
There are numerous different methods to assist an unfortunate paddler back to kayak. The best technique depends on the situation. The technique that we are now about to learn is called "heel hook rescue". It is one of the most reliable techniques. And for example, if compared to more famous x-rescue, the heel hook requires a lot less upper body strength and flexibility.
Note that it might be a good idea to empty the kayak from most of the water before the paddler gets back in. The method for emptying the kayak is explained in tutorial Assisted kayak emptying. On the next pages we will see the heel hook rescue done step by step.

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

参与救援的划艇者靠近已经清完水的皮划艇,最好让两艘艇的方向相反并挨在一起,两艇之间将会形成一个小角度。参与救援的伙伴负责保管两人的船桨,将桨放置于两艇之间,确保船桨不会丢失。这样救援者就可以腾出双手,抓好被救者的艇舱前缘,救援者身体倾向被救援艇的一侧,压好被救援者的艇。
The helper places the kayak right next to the swimmer's kayak so that the kayaks bows point to opposite directions. Then the helper takes the swimmers paddle and puts both of the paddles on his lap. There they are safe and leave both hands free so that the helper can take a firm grip over the swimmer's kayak's cockpit coaming. The swimmer positions himself to the other side of his own kayak, right behind the cockpit.

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

落水的艇友需要从自己艇后座舱的位置越过,抓紧施救艇旁边的甲板绳,或是对方的座舱边缘。落水者顺势自己的一只脚伸入自己的艇中,用脚跟勾住座舱。
The swimmer places his arms on the rear deck of his own kayak and takes a grip from the helper's kayak, either from the deck ropes or from the cockpit coaming. Then the swimmer pulls his upper body on the rear deck and simultaneously swings the other leg inside the cockpit and hooks the heel inside the cockpit, right under the front deck.

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

此时,被救者很容易利用腿部的力量,让自己的身体翻上皮划艇。请注意,这一过程需要救援者用力抓住被救艇,被救援者也要避免使用突然性的快速动作。
After the heel is hooked inside, it is fairly easy for the swimmer to pull himself on the rear deck by using his leg muscles. Remember that this phase may require a lot of strength from the helper, so swimmer should avoid doing any fast movements.

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

被救者翻上自己的皮划艇后,将双脚伸入座舱,调整好坐姿。此时,救援者需要确保两艘艇始终挨在一起,待被救艇中的积水完全排完,被救援者穿好防水裙、拿好自己的桨,做好划行准备后再松开,救援结束。
The swimmer moves his both legs to cockpit and carefully turns himself back to sitting position. The helper keeps the kayaks together until the swimmer gets his spray skirt secured and pumps the remaining water out with a water pump or bailer.

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

完整的运作动画

皮划艇技能教程 足挂式救援

随江河漂流四方
 Drifting away with the rivers
知万物源远流长
 Knowing that everything has a long history

2020,我们江河见!
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